History & Archeology


Melfi was a Firstly a Roman city, then a Lombard city which later became a Norman city. There is a Norman castle to visit, a baroque palace called the Palazzo del Vescovado. Inside the castle is the National Archaeological Museum of Melfi, which contains many important collections from the surrounding area.



A famous Greek settlement on the Ionian coast formerly called Metapontum. Archaeology buffs should visit the National Archaeological Museum and fascinating ruins of the Palatine Tables as well as the Roman settlement.


Historically a Roman town called Venusia, meaning Venus. Venosa has a 15th century Aragonese castle, a Baroque ‘Church of Purgatory’. The Palaeolithic period is represented by the archaeological area of Notarchirico, where a femur fragment from Homo erectus was discovered.